The Greeks


I.  Iliad and Odyssey  c.800 b.c.

II.  Polis/city-state 
A. Impact of geography of its development

     B. Types of Government ( 800-500, b.c.)
          1. Monarchy  (rule by a single person)
          2. Oligarchy   (government by a few often for selfish purposes)
          3. Tyranny  (absolute power is vested in a single ruler)
          4.  Democracy  (government by the citizens)

III.  Life in the City-state
     A.  Sparta
           1.  Democracy
               a. 2 kings
               b.  Council
               c.  Assembly
               d. Ephorate
           2.  Spartan Life
               a.  war machine
               b.  women

B. Athens

          1.  Democracy
               a. Assembly
               b. Council of 500
          2.  Leadership in Persian Wars
               a.  Battle of Marathon
               b. The Oracle at Delphi
          3.  Delian League
               a.  Peloponnesian War                                   
          4.  Cultural Achievements
               a. Age of Pericles (495-429, b.c.)
                    i. Parthenon (447-432, b.c.)
                b.  Drama
                    i.  Aeschylus (525-456, b.c.)
                    ii  Sophocles  (496-406, b.c.)
                    iii. Aristophanes (448-380, b.c.)
               c. Philosophers
                    i. Sophists
                    ii.Socrates (469-399, b.c.)
                    iii.Plato   (426-347,b.c.)
                    iv.Aristotle  (384-322, b.c.)
               d. Historians
                     i. Herodotus  (480-420,b.c.)
                     ii.Thucydides  (460-400,b.c.)





 The Iliad

Solon - The Lawmaker of Athens

Lycurgus - The Father of Sparta

Spartan women


Herodotus and the Persian Wars  an analysis of Herodotus


 Ancient Greece: The Persian Wars

SparkNotes: The Republic: Overview

 Herodotus Mummification

 The History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides

Plato: The Allegory of the Cave

Aesop's Fables


More Spartan Stories

PBS.The Greeks

Olympic Games

.Greeks slide show.